Arc Guide to Acronyms in Special Education

504 Plan: A legal document that specifies services & modifications for a student with a disability

ABC:        Antecedent, Behavior, Consequence

ABS:        Adaptive Behavior Scales

ADA:       Americans with Disabilities Act

ADD/ADHD: Attention Deficit Disorder/Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

ADL:        Activities of Daily Living

ADR:       Alternative Dispute Resolution

ASD         Autism Spectrum Disorder

ASL:        American Sign Language

AT:          Assistive Technology

BIP:        Behavior Intervention Plan

BSP:        Behavior Support Plan

CP:         Cerebral Palsy

DAPE:      Developmental Adapted Physical Education

DCD:        Developmental Cognitive Disability

DCD/M-M: Developmental Cognitive Disability/Mild-Moderate

DCD/S-P: Developmental Cognitive Disability/Severe-Profound

DD:          Developmentally Delayed/Disabled

D/HH:      Deaf/Hard of Hearing DME: Durable Medical Equipment

EA:          Educational Assistant

EBD:        Emotional/Behavioral Disability/Disorder

ECFE:      Early Childhood Family Education

ECSE:      Early Childhood Special Education

ESL:        English as a Second Language

ESSA:      Every Student Succeeds Act

ESY:        Extended School Year

FAPE:      Free Appropriate Public Education

FASD/FAS/FAE: Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders

FBA:       Functional Behavior Assessment

FERPA:    Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act

HI:          Hearing Impaired/Impairment

IDEIA:     Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act (2004 Revision of IDEA)

IEE:         Independent Educational Evaluation

IEP:        Individualized Education Program

IFSP:      Individualized Family Service Plan (Early Childhood)

IHP:        Individual Health Plan

IQ:          Intelligence Quotient

ISD:         Independent School District

ISP:         Individual Service Plan

ISS:         In School Suspension

LD:         Learning Disability

LEA:       Local Education Agency

LRE:       Least Restrictive Environment

MDE:      Minnesota Department of Education

MH:        Mental Health

MI:         Mental Illness

OCD:      Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

ODD:      Oppositional Defiant Disorder

ODE:      United States Department of Education

OHD:      Other Health Disabilities

OSEP:     United States Office of Special Education Programs

OT:         Occupational Therapy/Therapist

Part B:   Special Education, Students 3 – 21 Part C: Special Education, Students Birth – 2

PBIS:      Positive Behavior Intervention and Supports

PDD:      Pervasive Developmental Disorder

PDD-NOS: Pervasive Developmental Disorder – Not Otherwise Specified PH: Physically Handicapped

PI:         Physically Impaired

PT:        Physical Therapy/Therapist

PWN:    Prior Written Notice

RDA:     Results-Drive Accountability

ROM:    Range of Motion

RTI/RtI: Response to Intervention

SD:       Standard Deviation

SEA:     State Education Agency

SEAC:    Special Education Advisory Committee

SEAP:    Special Education Advisory Panel

SED:     Severe Emotional Disturbance

SEM:     Standard Error of Measurement

SI:        Sensory Integration

SIB:      Self-Injurious Behavior

SIB:      Scales of independent behavior

SLD:     Specific Learning Disability

SL:       Speech/Language

SMI:      Severely Multiply Impaired

SPED:   Special Education

SW:      Social Worker

TBI:     Traumatic Brain Injury VI: Visual Impairment

VR:      Vocational Rehabilitation

Updated January 2018

For further information or advocacy services, contact The Arc Minnesota at 952-920-0855 or toll-free at 833.450.1494 or visit (Please note: This document is not legal advice, and should not be construed as such. Thus, no information herein should replace the sound advice of an attorney.)

All rights reserved (c) 2019 The Arc Minnesota