Arc Guide to Acronyms in Special Education

504 Plan: A legal document that specifies services & modifications for a student with a disability

ABC:        Antecedent, Behavior, Consequence

ABS:        Adaptive Behavior Scales

ADA:       Americans with Disabilities Act

ADD/ADHD: Attention Deficit Disorder/Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder ADL: Activities of Daily Living

ADR:       Alternative Dispute Resolution ASD: Autism Spectrum Disorder ASL: American Sign Language

AT:          Assistive Technology

BIP:         Behavior Intervention Plan BSP: Behavior Support Plan

CP:          Cerebral Palsy

DAPE:      Developmental Adapted Physical Education DCD: Developmental Cognitive Disability

DCD/M-M: Developmental Cognitive Disability/Mild-Moderate DCD/S-P: Developmental Cognitive Disability/Severe-Profound DD: Developmentally Delayed/Disabled

D/HH:      Deaf/Hard of Hearing DME: Durable Medical Equipment EA: Educational Assistant

EBD:        Emotional/Behavioral Disability/Disorder ECFE: Early Childhood Family Education

ECSE:      Early Childhood Special Education ESL: English as a Second Language ESSA: Every Student Succeeds Act

ESY:        Extended School Year

FAPE:      Free Appropriate Public Education

FASD/FAS/FAE: Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders FBA: Functional Behavior Assessment

FERPA:    Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act HI: Hearing Impaired/Impairment

IDEIA:     Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act (2004 Revision of IDEA) IEE: Independent Educational Evaluation

IEP:        Individualized Education Program

IFSP:      Individualized Family Service Plan (Early Childhood) IHP: Individual Health Plan

IQ:         Intelligence Quotient

ISD:        Independent School District ISP: Individual Service Plan

ISS:        In School Suspension LD: Learning Disability

LEA:       Local Education Agency

LRE:       Least Restrictive Environment

MDE:      Minnesota Department of Education MH: Mental Health

MI:         Mental Illness

OCD:      Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder ODD: Oppositional Defiant Disorder

ODE:       United States Department of Education OHD: Other Health Disabilities

OSEP:     United States Office of Special Education Programs OT: Occupational Therapy/Therapist

Part B:   Special Education, Students 3 – 21 Part C: Special Education, Students Birth – 2

PBIS:      Positive Behavior Intervention and Supports

PDD:      Pervasive Developmental Disorder

PDD-NOS: Pervasive Developmental Disorder – Not Otherwise Specified PH: Physically Handicapped

PI:         Physically Impaired

PT:        Physical Therapy/Therapist PWN: Prior Written Notice

RDA:     Results-Drive Accountability ROM: Range of Motion

RTI/RtI: Response to Intervention SD: Standard Deviation

SEA:     State Education Agency

SEAC:   Special Education Advisory Committee SEAP: Special Education Advisory Panel

SED:     Severe Emotional Disturbance SEM: Standard Error of Measurement SI: Sensory Integration

SIB:      Self-Injurious Behavior

SIB:      Scales of independent behavior SLD: Specific Learning Disability

SL:       Speech/Language

SMI:      Severely Multiply Impaired SPED: Special Education

SW:      Social Worker

TBI:     Traumatic Brain Injury VI: Visual Impairment

VR:      Vocational Rehabilitation

Updated January 2018

For further information or advocacy services, contact The Arc Minnesota at 952-920-0855 or toll-free at 833.450.1494 or visit (Please note: This document is not legal advice, and should not be construed as such. Thus, no information herein should replace the sound advice of an attorney.)

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