Each local school board has their own policies to help guide schools in their district. Policies define the direction and intent of the school board. Most districts have a policy about medication administration that applies to all students. You may find the policies on the school website and in the student handbook. The Arc Minnesota recommends that parents or guardians review their school district’s policies.
It is recommended that you have an Individualized Healthcare Plan (IHP) if you receive services through an Individualized Education Program (IEP) or a Section 504 Plan.
Student Self-Administration of Medications
You may be able to carry your medication if you have written permission from parents, guardians, and medical providers. Schools provide a form for medication administration. Complete this form every year. The school nurse must meet with the you. The nurse must document that you can carry your own medication.
Students in middle school or above can carry and take over-the-counter medications. These medications cannot contain ephedrine or pseudoephedrine (MN Statute 121A.222).
Medication Administration and School Staff
A nurse licensed by the Board of Teaching is responsible for nursing services in the school. This includes medication administration.
The school nurse determines what other school staff can give medication. That individual is called an Unlicensed Assistive Personnel (UAP).
Things to consider
- Staff need a signed consent form to speak to medical providers about your medical needs. Talk to your medical provider if you have concerns.
- Your medical needs help determine if a nurse needs to be in the school building.
- Treatments not considered medication administration are not covered by the medication administration policy. Examples include:
- Tracheotomy suctioning
- Gastrostomy feedings
- Emergency health procedures, including emergency administration of medication, are not covered by the medication administration policy.
Arc Guide to Medication Administration in Public Schools PDF
Minnesota Guidelines for Medication Administration in Schools
Minnesota Department of Education School Health Services
MN Statute 121A.21 School Health Services
MN Statue 144.29 Health Records; Children Of School Age
MN Statute 148.171, Subd. 24 Unlicensed Assistive Personnel
MN Statute 8710.61 School Nurse
For more information or advocacy services, contact The Arc Minnesota at 833.450.1494 or visit www.arcminnesota.org. (Please note: This document is not legal advice. No information should replace the advice of an attorney.)
All rights reserved (c) 2020 The Arc Minnesota. Document updated June 2020.